Do you:

  • Feel miserable, sad and tearful.
  • Feel exhausted a lot of the time with no energy .
  • Feel as if even the smallest tasks are sometimes impossible.
  • Seldom enjoy the things that you used to enjoy-you may be off sex or food or may ‘comfort eat’ to excess.
  • Feel very anxious sometimes.
  • Don’t want to see people or are scared to be left alone. Social activity may feel hard or possible.
  • Can see no future. There is a loss of hope. You feel all you’ve ever done is make mistakes and that’s all that you ever will do.
  • Find it difficult to think clearly.
  • Feel like a failure and/or feel guilty a lot of the time.
  • Feel a burden to others.
  • Sometimes feel that life isn’t worth living.
  • Feel irritable or angry more than usual.
  • Feel you have no confidence.
  • Spend a lot of time thinking about what has gone wrong, what will go wrong or what is wrong about yourself as a person. You may also feel guilty sometimes about being critical of others (or even thinking critically about them).
  • Feel that life is unfair.
  • Have difficulty sleeping or wake up very early in the morning and can’t sleep again. You seem to dream all night long and sometimes have disturbing dreams.
  • Feel that life has/is ‘passing you by.’
  • Have physical aches and pains which appear to have no physical cause, such as back pain.

Sadness is a small part of depression, but is a painful emotion nonetheless and can be difficult to understand. The difference between sadness and depression is that the latter involves several psychological and physical symptoms and it tends to persist a long time. While sadness is common and fleeting, depression is debilitating and disrupts your life, relationships, self-confidence and your thoughts about the future. It’s a medical illness, not a sign a weakness – importantly, it’s treatable.

Types of depression

  • Major depressive disorder (major depression)
  • Bipolar disorder (manic depression)
  • Postpartum depression (postnatal depression)
  • Seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
  • Persistent depressive disorder
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
  • Psychotic depression
  • Atypical depression

Symptoms of depression

  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering details and making decisions
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness or helplessness
  • Ruminative thinking
  • Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism
  • Insomnia, early-morning wakefulness, or excessive sleeping
  • Irritability, restlessness
  • Loss of interest in activities or hobbies once pleasurable (incl. sex)
  • Overeating or appetite loss
  • Persistent aches or pains, headaches, cramps or digestive problems that don’t ease even with treatment
  • Persistent sad, anxious or ’empty’ feelings
  • Thoughts of suicide, suicide attempts
  • Fatigue and decreased energy


Comments are closed.